The ease and precision that comes with working with a table saw have many people wondering how it works. A lot of carpenters or woodworkers at all levels, ranging from beginners to professionals have been impressed at the outcome of the projects done using a table saw.
This has had a lot of them searching for guides, as to how the table saw works and the principles guiding it.
The principal function of the table saw is to cut large boards, safely into smaller pieces for other projects. In every workshop, there is always a need to cut lumbers. That is why you can find table saws in almost every carpenter’s workshop and lumber merchandiser.
Depending on the type of blades fixed to the table saw, it can cut different sizes of lumber ranging from small sizes to stupendous sizes.
Depending on the tasks one is going to be engaged in, there are different varieties of table saws available in the market today, and each of this table saws has different working principles.
Bench Top Table Saw
This type of table saw is one of the commonest tables saw used. It is also called a job site saw. It is used amongst many woodworkers because of its design and weight. It is so light that a single individual can carry it, and designed in a way that it can be placed on a table or support surface. The table saw is made from different kinds of materials ranging from steel, aluminum to plastic.
It works or runs loudly as a result of the universal motor as compared to the induction motor or brushless AC motor. Despite the noise it creates, it provides more power compared to the others. In comparison with the cabinet and contractor table saws, the top segment of the benchtop table saw is narrow. As a result of this, the gripping ability of the table saw is reduced.
As a result of its narrow top, it has a short rip fence, which contributes to the difficulty in achieving short and accurate cuts. The distance from the blade to the front edge of the table top is short, thereby increasing the difficulty in using a miter gauge to cross-cut. It also shakes unduly as a result of its size and weight.
Contractor Table Saw
Homeowners and hobbyist usually use this type of table saw. It is sturdy and heavy, but not as heavy as the cabinet table saw. They are usually attached either to a stand or a base which comes with wheels in some.
This table saw has two working principles by which it functions, they are;
- Direct drive, here no intermediary belt is required
- Induction type motor (1or 2HP), which is hinged of the rear of the saw, using two belts to power the blade.
Cabinet Table Saw
The cabinet saw has an impressive cutting precision, as a result of the steel and cast iron used to produce it. These materials also help to minimize vibrations but also make it heavy and better than any other type of table saw.
It has induction motors within the 3-5hp range, which it uses to power the blade. To use this table saw at home, a heavy-duty circuit is needed (220-volt outlet). It has an enclosed base on which the motor is positioned while powering the blade.
Hybrid Table Saws
This table saw competes with the high-end contractor table saws in the market; because they give some edge that the cabinet type has at a better price. Some hybrid saws have an enclosed base, like the cabinet saw and are almost similar to it. Some have cable mounted trunnions. It is driven by the single, multiple or serpentine v-belt mechanism and comes in different motor sizes.
Beyond owning a table saw is to understand how the table saw works. Table saws come in different types that are suitable for different purposes. With this article, you should have an idea about the different types of table saws and how they work. This will inform your choice and aid your use of each, and every table saw without any problems or issues.